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Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials

Titre :

Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials

Caractéristiques :


Auteur(s) :A. P. Mouritz et A. G. Gibson
Editeur :SPRINGER VERLAG
Parution :12/2006
Langue :Anglais Anglais
ISBN :978-1-4020-5355-9
Reliure :Livre relié
Prix :149.00 € ttc
Disponibilité :Livraison sous 2 à 10 jours ouvrables.

Couverture :


Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials

Résumé :

This book is the first to deal with the important topic of the fire behaviour of fibre reinforced polymer composite materials. Composites are used in almost every conceivable application, although the high flammability and poor fire resistance of these materials remains a critical issue. The book covers all of the key issues on the behaviour of composites in a fire, including thermal degradation mechanisms, thermal softening, fire damage mechanics, and deterioration of mechanical properties. Also covered are fire protection materials for composites, fire properties of nanocomposites, fire safety regulations and standards, fire test methods, and health hazards from burning composites. This book will be of great interest to professionals in the composites industry, fire safety engineers, researchers in the fire properties of materials, and the users of composites in the aerospace, marine, civil infrastructure and automotive industries.

Table des matières :

Preface 1
Introduction: 1.1 Background
1.2 Fire reaction and fire resistive properties of composites
1.3 Composites and fire
1.4 Case studies of composites in fire
1.5 Concluding remarks
References
2Thermal Decomposition of Composites in Fire: 2.1 Introduction2.2. Thermal decomposition mechanisms of organic polymers
2/3 Rate processes and characterisation of decomposition
2.4 Polymers and their decomposition processes
2.5 Fire damage to composites
2.6 Concluding remarks
References
3 Fire Reaction Properties of Composites: 3.1 Introduction
3.2 Time-to-ignition
3.3 Heat release rate
3.4 Extinction flammability index &amp
thermal stability index
3.5 Mass loss
3.6 Smoke
3.7 Smoke toxicity
3.8 Limiting oxygen index
3.9 Surface spread of flame
3.10 Fire resistance
References
4. Fire Modelling of Composites: 4.1 Introduction
4.2 Thermal exposure
4.3 Modelling material fire dynamics
4.4 Structural modelling of fire response
References
5 Modelling the Thermal Response of Composites in Fire: 5.1 Introduction
5.2 Response of composites to fire
5.3 Modelling heat conduction in composites
5.4 Modelling the fire response of composites
5.5 Modelling the thermal properties of composites
5.6 Concluding remarks
References
6. Structural Properties of Composites in Fire: 6.1 Introduction
6.2 Laminate properties
6.3 Measurement of elastic constants
6.4 Mechanical properties as a function of temperature
6.5 Modelling of properties
6.6 Fire resistance of laminates under load
6.7 Modelling of fire resistance of laminates under load
6.8 Concluding remarks
References
7. Post-Fire Properties of Composites: 7.1 Introduction
7.2 Post-fire properties of laminates
7.3 Modelling the post-fire properties of laminates
7.4 Post-fire properties of sandwich composites
7.5 Post-fire properties of fire protected composites
7.6 Concluding remarks
References
8 Flame Retardant Composites: 8.1 Introduction
8.2 The combustion cycle
8.3 Flame retardants for composites
8.4 Flame retardant fillers for composite
8.5 Flame retardant organic polymers for composites
8.6 Flame retardant inorganic polymers for composites
8.7 Flame retardant fibres for composites
8.8 Fire protective surface coatings
References
9 Fire Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites: 9.1 Introduction
9.2 Characterization of nanocomposite formation
9.3 Evaluation of fire retardancy
9.4 Clay modifications
9.5 Examples of fire retardancy of polymer nanocomposites
9.6 Mechanisms of fire retardancy in nanocomposites
9.7 Future trends in fire retardancy of nanocomposites
References
10 Fire Safety Regulations: 10.1 Introduction
10.2 Fire safety regulations for rail
10.3 Fire safety regulations for automobiles, buses and trucks
10.4 Fire safety regulations for civil infrastructure
10.5 Fire safety regulations for civilian aircraft
10.6 Fire safety regulations for ships and submarines
References
11 Fire Tests for Composites: 11.1 Introduction
11.2 Scale of fire reaction tests
11.3 Cone calorimeter
11.4 Atmosphere controlled cone calorimeter
11.5 Intermediate-scale cone calorimeter
11.6 Ohio State University calorimeter
11.7 Limiting oxygen index test
11.8 Flame spread tests
11.9 Smoke density tests
11.10 Furnace tests
11.11 Burn-through &amp
jet-fire tests
11.12 Single burning item test
11.13 Room fire tests
11.14 Structural integrity in fire tests
11.15 Aircraft fire tests
11.16 Concluding remarks
References
12 Health Hazards of Composites in Fire: 12.1 Introduction
12.2 Smoke toxicity test methods
12.3 Health hazards of combustion gases
12.4 N-gas model for smoke toxic potency
12.5 Health hazards of fibres
12.6 Personal protective wear against burning composite materials
12.7 Concluding remarks
References
Subject Index

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