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Petroleum Engineering: Principles, Calculations and Workflows

Titre :

Petroleum Engineering: Principles, Calculations and Workflows

Caractéristiques :


Auteur(s) :Moshood Sanni
Editeur :JOHN WILEY AND SONS LTD
Parution :12/2018
Langue :Anglais Anglais
Nbre de pages :350
ISBN :9781119387947
Reliure :Livre relié
Prix :195.00 € ttc
Disponibilité :Livraison sous 10 jours ouvrés.

Couverture :


Petroleum Engineering: Principles, Calculations and Workflows

Résumé :

A comprehensive and practical guide to methods for solving complex petroleum engineering problems


Petroleum engineering is guided by overarching scientific and mathematical principles, but there is sometimes a gap between theoretical knowledge and practical application. Petroleum Engineering: Principles, Calculations and Workflows presents methods for solving a wide range of real-world petroleum engineering problems. Each chapter deals with a specific issue, and includes formulae that help explain primary principles of the problem before providing an easy to follow, practical application.


Volume highlights include:




-A robust, integrated approach to solving inverse problems


-In-depth exploration of workflows with model and parameter validation


-Simple approaches to solving complex mathematical problems


-Complex calculations that can be easily implemented with simple methods


-Overview of key approaches required for software and application development


-Formulae and model guidance for diagnosis, initial modeling of parameters, and simulation and regression




Petroleum Engineering: Principles, Calculations and Workflows is a valuable and practical resource to a wide community of geoscientists, earth scientists, exploration geologists, and engineers. This accessible guide is also well-suited for graduate and postgraduate students, consultants, software developers, and professionals as an authoritative reference for day-to-day petroleum engineering problem solving.

Table des matières :

The book would consist of 6 Sections broken into a total of 14 chapters, with each chapter dealing with a specific petroleum engineering problem/topic. Each chapter will begin with an overview of the petroleum engineering problem/topic and objective of the chapter followed by important formulae explaining the principles of the petroleum engineering problem/method. Sample calculations with steps which are components of a larger workflow would be covered in details. These sample calculations will then evolve to application of principles and calculations in workflows that would give robust solutions to problem defined in the chapter and section.



SECTION 1 (PETROLEUM RESERVOIR AND RESERVOIR PROPERTIES)


Section consist of chapter 1 and 2


Chapter 1 (Petroleum System and Engineering):


This chapter discusses: origin of hydrocarbon and petroleum system (for those new to the profession or subject); petroleum engineering and role of petroleum engineer in field life cycle;. prospect evaluation.


This chapter covers reservoir fluid zones and hydrocarbon volume calculation (OOIP and OGIP); concept of stochastic and deterministic hydrocarbon volumes calculation is also.


This chapter also discusses hydrocarbon resource classification: reserve definition and calculation; prospect risking and ranking.


Chapter 2 (Petroleum Reservoir Properties):


This chapter covers discussions and calculations relating to reservoir properties of interest to the petroleum engineer; petroleum reservoir rock properties determination and work follow for analysis of core data. Under relative permeability, for instance, steps which include data and model diagnosis and initial parameter determination using log-log plot of relative permeability against saturation was discussed in detail; then followed by forward simulation using determined parameters and relative permeability model for calculation validation. Also other important validation steps which include comparison of relative permeability parameters with published range for different wettability was included a part of the workflow for relative permeability modelling. Section 1( Chapter 1 and 2) has 18 solved problems demonstrating principle, calculation and work flows in reservoir property determination.


SECTION 2 (PROPERTIES OF PETROLEUM RESERVOIR FLUID)


Section 2 consist of chapter 3 and 4


Chapter 3 (Reservoir Fluid Properties):


This chapter discusses characterization of different types petroleum fluids. The use of phase envelope to characterise petroleum fluids is discussed. Use of empirical correlations to predict hydrocarbon phase behavior is also covered in this chapter. Other topic covered include; vapour liquid equilibrium (VLE) calculation using empirical correlations; oil and gas laboratory experiments; enhance oil recovery experiments.


Chapter 4 (Equation of State):


Theory and practice of Equation of State (EOS) for predicting real gas and oil behavior; generalized representation of EOS for easy application development; vapour liquid equilibrium (VLE) calculation using EOS; practical workflow for building and EOS models for a fluid sample.


Section 2 (Chapter 3 and 4) will have 18 solved problems describing practical steps and workflow in solving problems relating to reservoir fluid properties.


SECTION 3 (PRESSURE TRANSIENT ANALYSIS)


Section 3 consist of chapter 5 and 6


Chapter 5 (Flow in Porous Media):


This chapter covers formulation and important flow in porous media equation used in petroleum engineering. It covers derivation and solution of diffusivity equation for different fluid type; reservoir type and boundary conditions; concept and application of superposition principle. It also shows how flow in porous media equations can be extended to well test interpretation models and reservoir deliverability predictions.


Chapter 6 (Well Test Analysis):


This chapter covers philosophy and interpretation methodology in well test analysis; formulation of well test interpretation model; uncertainty and factors that affect well test Interpretation; well test analysis in gas reservoir; multiphase well test analysis and test design; practical work flow for well test analysis with examples.


Section 3 (Chapter 5 and 6) has13 solved problems explaining flow in porous media; development of well test interpretation models from flow in porous media equation; practical workflow for well test analysis.


SECTION 4 (FORMATION EVALUATION AND TESTING)


Section 4 consist of chapter 7 and 8


Chapter 7 (Formation Evaluation):


This chapter discusses principle of open hole logging and importance of open hole logs to petroleum engineers. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of the following logs for reservoir characterization is covered: Caliper Log; Gamma Ray (GR) Log; Spontaneous Potential (SP) Log; Density Log; Neutron Log; Combined Neutron-Density Log; Sonic Log and Resistivity Logs.


This chapter also covers water saturation (Sw) Calculation from resistivity log and (formation water resistivity (Rw) calculation from resistivity logs; Shaley Sw Calculation Models.


Concept and determination of permeability was also covered.


Chapter 8 (Formation testing):


Chapter 8 focuses on principle and operation of formation testers; reservoir characterization using formation test data.


Formation test analysis covered include: final/stable formation pressure determination; steady state formation mobility calculation; flow rate analysis (FRA) for formation mobility determination; vertical interference test analysis.


Other capabilities of formation test covered in this chapter include: fluid sampling, property measurement and composition; formation pressure log analysis.


This section 4 (chapter 7and 8) discusses workflows which integrates formation evaluation and formation testing to create a robust work flow for formation characterization.


In formation pressure log analysis (multiple station pressure measurement and analysis) the combination of regression, excess pressure and residual and mobility was discussed as key components of workflows that reduced uncertainty and increase reliability of formation pressure log analysis


Section 4 (Chapter 7 and 8) has 15 solved problems showing application of different formulae in solving formation testing and evaluation problems; practical workflows that can be used in reducing uncertainty is formation testing and evaluation.


SECTION 5 (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING)


Section 5 consist of chapter 9, 10 and 11.


This section covers the concept of petroleum production engineering; components of production engineering and important calculations that characterizes each components of the production system; combination of reservoir performance and well performance to give system plot was covered for different well architecture; reservoir types and boundary behaviors. This chapter also covers extensively different well deliverability methods, their applicability and limitations. Artificial lift methods and flow assurance assessment are also covered in this chapter.


Chapter 9 (Reservoir Inflow Performance):


This chapter covers: well performance assessment and modelling; inflow performance relationship (IPR) (steady-state and pseudo (semi)-steady-state pressure response); IPR for gas and gas condensate reservoirs; IPR for horizontal wells; multi-layered reservoir systems; horizontal well intersecting multiple compartments. This chapter covers formulation and also selection of appropriate IPR models and practical workflow for building IPR models.


Chapter 10 (Well Production System):


This chapter covers introduction and components of a production well (downhole and surface equipment); well completion (lower well completion; tubing completion; well stimulation treatment); tubing performance relationship (flowing tubing pressure gradient; multiphase flowing tubing pressure gradient; multiphase flow regimes; flowing tubing pressure gradient calculations. Steps for tuning production data to tubing performance relationship is also covered.


Chapter 11 (Production System Analysis):


This chapter covers combination of IPR and TPR for creating system plots. Production diagnosis, enhancement and optimization using system plot is also covered. Production characteristcs such as turner velocity and erosion velocity are also covered.


Other important topics covered include.


Artificial Lift Methods: operating principle of artificial lift technique; selection and design of artificial lift systems (Electrical Submersible Pump; Design of Gas Lift Systems).


Flow Assurance Assessment: gas hydrates (prediction and calculations); wax formation and deposition; solid deposition; sand production and fine migration and corrosion.


This section (chapter 9, 10 and 11) has 23 solved problems to demonstrate principles and practical work flows for reservoir deliverability prediction using inflow performance relationships; tubing performance relationship; system plots for production diagnosis, enhancement and optimization.


SECTION 6 (RESERVOIR PERFORMANCE AND RECOVERY)


Section 6 consist of chapter 12, 13 and 14.


This section covers different reservoir performance and recovery methods. This chapter presented material balance as solution to inverse problem with data and model diagnosis using various material balance methods; initial parameter determination; refining calculated model parameters and forward simulation to validate calculated parameters.


Other reservoir deliverability methods covered include: production decline curve analysis; multiphase flow reservoir deliverability; enhanced oil recovery.


Chapter 12 (Reservoir Material Balance):


This chapter covers Material Balance (Material Balance as Solution to Inverse Problem;


Oil Reservoir Material Balance (OMB): Oil Material Balance Model Diagnosis and Analysis; OMB Energy Index Plot.


Aquifer Modelling: Different aquifer model and mathematical approach for adding aquifer to material balance models.


Gas Reservoir Material Balance (GMB): Gas Material Balance Model Diagnosis and Analysis; GMB Energy Index Plot


Gas Condensate Material Balance (GCMB)


Material Balance for Reservoir Deliverability Prediction


Chapter 13 (Decline Curve Analysis)


This chapter covers:


Production Decline Curve Analysis: Exponential; Harmonic and Hyperbolic Production Decline Models.


Diagnosis and reservoir performance characterisation and prediction of reservoir performance using decline curve analysis is covered in this chapter.


Chapter 14 (Multiphase Flow and EOR)


Topics covered include:


Water Flooding: fractional flow modeling and Analysis; Buckley Leverett Equation and application; JBN analysis to derive relative permeability models.


Gas Injection: Miscible gas injection; creating ternary phase equilibria plot for to describe miscible gas injection.


Section 6 (chapter 12, 13 and 14) has 16 solved problems demonstrating principles and practical work flows for reservoir deliverability modeling and prediction.

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